Who is the Pakistani Ayatollah Bashir Hussain Najafi?
- January 07, 2020
- Andrew S Gillis
Millions are attending the funeral procession of Iranian General Qasim Suleimani, who was killed in a US attack in Iraq.
After his death in Iran, his funeral in Tehran on Monday was offered by the country’s chief Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. But did you know that when he was offered his funeral in Iraq on Saturday, he would pray
The funeral of General Suleimani in Najaf was taught by 78-year-old Ayatollah Hafiz Bashir Hussain Najafi, one of Iraq’s most prominent religious figures and one of the most important Shi’ite followers in Najaf.
The place of reference or referral is given to the scholars of Shia Islam who have the right to make legal decisions under Islamic laws to guide other scholars and ordinary Shiites.
Ayatollah Hafiz Bashir Hussain Al-Najafi was born before the partition of the subcontinent and during his stay in Pakistan, his father moved from Jalandhar to Batapur near Lahore.
He received his early education in Arabic grammar and jurisprudence from his grandfather, Muhammad Ibrahim and uncle Khadim Hussein, and then studied under the aegis of Ayatollah Akhtar Abbas Quds while waiting for a university in Lahore and later became involved in teaching.
His brother Allama Abid Hussain was also a scholar while two brothers used to do poetry.
Ayatollah Hafiz Bashir Hussain Al-Najafi is one of Iraq’s leading religious and political figures.
In the 1960s, Hafiz Bashir Najafi arrived in Iraq where he studied theory and jurisprudence with prominent scholars such as Ayatollah Muhammad Kazim Tabrizi, Ayatollah Syed Muhammad Rouhani, Ayatollah Syed Abu al-Qasim Khoi, in Najaf.
In Najaf, the fourth Caliph of Islam and the son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad are the shrines of Hazrat Ali and are counted among the Shi’ite sanctuaries.
Najaf in Iraq and Qom have a central place in Iran for the religious education of Shi’ite, where future Shiite scholars are educated.
According to Bashir Najafi’s personal website, he started teaching in the field of theology in Najaf in 1966 and taught various literary, logical, philosophical, principled and jurisprudential sciences.
In Najaf, the Hawza-e-Ilmia was founded in the tenth century by Abu Jafar Mohammad bin Hassan Tosi. Ayatollah Bashir Najafi is associated with this shrine, he has dedicated his life here.
Bashir Najafi was also injured in an attack on this shrine during Iraqi President Saddam Hussein’s regime.
Ayatollah Bashir Najafi’s brother, older son and other family members are based in Pakistan, but according to his representative Allama Sibtain Sabzwari in Pakistan, Ayatollah Najafi has never returned to Pakistan since he left Iraq.
He said, “It is a pleasure to come to Pakistan once. Since he has not moved here, his father, uncle and older brothers and sisters died during this period but he did not come. ”
According to Bashir Najafi’s personal website, he started teaching in Najaf in 1966 and continued to enlighten students through various literary, philosophical, principled and jurisprudential sciences.
Sibtain Sabzwari said, ‘Obviously he would not have come to this place if he had come here. It has to offer many sacrifices. The role that the client may have sitting there cannot be played out. Some verses of Allah came in Afghanistan and Pakistan, but their fatwa goes out at the national level but it is not honoured all over the world. If you sit in Najaf, its role in the religious and political context will be huge. ”
Allama Sibtain Sabzwari told the BBC that her eldest son is an engineer while the younger son is a businessman in Dubai while the two sons are Alam Din, of which Sheikh Ali Al-Najafi is his father’s spokesman.
Apart from religious importance, Ayatollah Bashir Najafi has been instrumental in consulting the politics of the region.
Last year, Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani also met him.
Earlier in the year 2016, a picture of the meeting of Ayatollah Bashir and Iraqi commander Abu Mahdi Muhandis, who was killed along with Qasim Suleimani in a US attack on Friday, was also revealed.
According to reports, Ayatollah Bashir Najafi instructed him to clear Iraq from ISIS.
In his statement after Ayatollah Bashir killed Qasim Suleimani and Abu Mahdi Muhandis, the two men condemned the violation of Iraqi borders, sovereignty and violation of international treaties, calling them heroes. Sadly, Iraq was made a battleground.
Ayatollah Bashir Najafi is the author of numerous books.
He also patronizes various welfare institutions, including orphanages, educational institutions, and especially after the regime of Saddam Hussein, he paid special attention to the reconstruction of the madrassas and imams that were affected during this period.