US President Donald Trump thinks he was ignored last year for the Nobel Peace Prize, but why did he say so?
Donald Trump says' I'm going to tell you about the Nobel Prize, I'll tell you about it. I saved a country from the danger of war through a deal, and I just heard that the head of the country is taking the prize now. ”I said: What, do I have to do with it? Yes, but you know it happens. The more we know, the more important ... I avoided a major war and I survived a few wars. '
A video clip from President Trump was shared on Twitter in which he spoke to his supporters during a campaign in Toledo, Ohio, on Thursday in the US state.
Who were they talking about?
Although President Trump did not name the country or ruler who won the Nobel Peace Prize, it is clear that he was talking about Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed.
Abe, 43, is the youngest ruler in Africa.
He came to power in 2018 when his predecessor had to resign as a result of anti-government protests.
Abe introduced large-scale reforms in Ethiopia and aroused a nation under severe sanctions.
He ordered the release of thousands of opposition leaders from prison and allowed them to return to the anti-government leader, Malik Badar. The new Ethiopian Prime Minister also gave freedom to the media and appointed women to important positions.
In recognition of these services, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October last year. After Donald Trump became president in 2016, the Ethiopian prime minister is the only ruler to be honored.
Why was the Nobel Peace Prize named after the Prime Minister of Ethiopia?
The Norwegian Nobel Committee believes that the Ethiopian Prime Minister has taken a decisive step in resolving the border dispute with neighbouring Eritrea, for which he has been honoured.
It should be noted that the two countries earlier fought a bitter border war between 1998 and 2000, killing thousands of people. Although a ceasefire agreement was reached in 2000, the two neighbouring countries technically remained in the war until July 2018, and then a peace agreement was reached between Ethiopian Prime Minister Abe and Eritrea's President Isiyas Afforkey. For two decades, the long border was closed, causing families on both sides to split and make trade impossible.
The Nobel Committee expressed its hope that this peace agreement would have a positive impact on the people of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
The committee says that since the peace deal with Eritrea, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed has been working with other African countries to pursue peace.
Did Trump make a peace deal between Ethiopia and Eritrea?
It is not the US influence in this peace deal was limited. The UAE's primary role in bringing the two African countries closer has a significant impact on the African region, says Emanuel Aguanza, former BBC representative in Ethiopia.
Saudi Arabia also played an important role in ending the conflict.
The peace agreement has also lifted the sanctions imposed on Eritrea since 2009. The UN Security Council announced four months after the peace agreement lifted all sanctions imposed on Eritrea.