5 Facts on Immigration in the UK
- January 22, 2020
- Andrew S Gillis
The United Kingdom is one of the countries where the history of immigrants covers a long period and the number of migrants has increased rapidly in the last 20 years.
Incoming immigrants are reshaping society and becoming part of the political landscape. The question is, what colour did immigrants experience as a result of immigrating to the UK, what effect did it have on the country, and what do the people living here think about it?
The BBC series ‘BBC Briefing on Immigration’ has sought to cover all aspects of:
- After World War II, Britain sought to reduce the workforce
Emperor Wondership brought refugees from the West Indies to Britain after World War II.
After World War II, Britain faced labour shortages in key sectors in various parts of the country. To counter this, major national institutions recruited workers from the Commonwealth. In those days, 18,000 doctors were recruited from the suburbs for the National Institutes of Health, the National Health Service. Over 4,000 men and women were called from Barbados to run buses in London and meet the shortage of ticket inspectors.
From 1948 onwards the citizens of the Commonwealth had the same rights as those born in the United Kingdom. Not only this, everyone was allowed to move from one place to another throughout the United Kingdom. However, a new law was passed in 1962, which removed the Commonwealth’s right to live and work in the United Kingdom.
Also Read: Find the right travel plug for the vacation
In 2018, the WonderShend scandal exposed the government’s actions on who was allowed to live in the future, and papers were disposed of. As a result, those coming to the Wondershahr after the year 2013 stopped receiving privileges in the UK and were banished from the country.
- The 1980s changed
Until recently, the number of immigrants from the UK was higher than the number of people who came here. In the last one and a half hundred years, the balance of immigrants and emigrants to the United Kingdom, in general, has been negative, meaning that the number of immigrants leaving the country exceeds the number of immigrants coming to the UK. But in the mid-80s, the number of immigrants coming to the UK continued to be higher than those who emigrated.
When the Conservative Party in power in Britain formed a mixed government in 2010, the target was to keep the level of fewer than one million people in order to maintain the balance of migrants and expatriates. (That target was abandoned by Prime Minister Boris Johnson in 2019) and overall, the number of migrants is increasing on average over time.
- British universities are popular among students
More than 10% of students worldwide study abroad complete higher education from the UK.
British universities seek to enrol foreign students who receive heavy fees
The number of students coming from overseas has doubled in the last 20 years and has decreased since 2012. During 2016 and 2017, some 440,000 students came to Britain to study, with a third of them from China.
- Changes in migration behaviour
In general, the British have a positive opinion of emigration compared to other countries, and immigrants are more welcome here than in the European Union. But in the UK, the attitude towards refugees has not always been positive. When a national survey in 2011 asked people whether refugees had a positive or negative impact on the country, only 19 per cent responded that it had a positive impact, compared to 48 per cent in 2019.
- Due to immigration, the UK population has a high youth population
In terms of population growth, the UK ranks fourth in Europe, while only Ireland, Sweden and Belgium are ahead of the UK. In order to estimate the population growth, the difference between those who left the country and those who came in, and the births have taken in the country. This figure shows the increase in population by extracting the death toll.
In the last 12 years, the population of the UK has increased by 56 million
Until recently the reason for the increase in the population of Britain was natural, but now immigration is playing a major role in it.
For example, 90% of the immigrants in the country are under the age of 45. As a result, the population is declining in the UK population.